- O/IR System
This document covers the observing time period from 1 August 2017 – 31 January 2018. Proposal Deadline: 31 March 2017 at 11:59 pm Mountain Standard Time. This document is also available as a downloadable PDF file.
Proposals for standard observing programs at all ground-based facilities coordinated by NOAO, which include US time on the telescopes of Gemini, CTIO, and KPNO, as well as community-access time with private observatories, can be submitted twice per year. For the 2017B semester, the deadline is:
Standard Programs: 31 March 2017 deadline for the 1 August 2017 – 31 January 2018 observing period (2017B)
Below we give a short description of the different NOAO proposal types.
Standard Programs are traditional proposals for observing time allocated on a semester basis. Standard proposals generally request modest amounts of time, although requests for long runs are also considered. Standard programs are judged by one of seven TAC panels, each with five members plus a non-voting Chair. The Chairs present the proposal rankings made by the panel members at the meeting where the proposals are merged into a single ranked list.
Long Term Status for Standard Proposals are for scientific programs that, by their design, need to extend beyond a single semester. Long-term status may be granted to a proposal for which the principal science goal of the proposal cannot be achieved without the full allocation of time. An investigator who wishes to request long-term status should include a summary of the request (e.g., "six nights per semester for four semesters") in the appropriate section of the proposal form.
If long-term status is granted, a progress report must be submitted each subsequent semester to inform the TAC that appropriate progress is being made. Progress reports should briefly summarize the scientific justification, provide a detailed discussion of progress to date, restate the number of observing runs still needed to complete the project, and give details needed for scheduling the proposal in the next semester.
Although the granting of long-term status by the TAC does carry with it a commitment for observing time in future semesters, NOAO reserves the right to terminate long-term status on the advice of the TAC if insufficient information concerning the progress of the project has been supplied by the Principal Investigator or in the event of telescope closures.
NOAO Survey programs can be carried out using the telescopes at KPNO and CTIO, although for the last Survey call, only CTIO-4m/DECam proposals were accepted. Up to 20% of the observing time available through NOAO on these telescopes may be allocated to Survey Programs. In some cases, not all instruments currently used or planned for installation on these telescopes will be available for Surveys in any Call. The 20% observing time may be unequally distributed among the telescopes.
Survey programs represent significant observational efforts which:
Survey programs are judged by a dedicated Survey TAC panel, which uses a wider range of criteria than does the regular TAC. The scientific bar for acceptance of Survey programs is thus considerably higher than for Standard proposals. No new Survey time is offered in 2017B; the most recent Survey call was in 2014B. More information on the NOAO Survey Program can be found at http://ast.noao.edu/observing/surveys
Gemini Large or Long Programs (LP) are those that require either significantly more time than a partner typically approves for a single program, or extend over 2 to 6 semesters, or both. The participating partners (US, Canada, and Argentina) will make up to 20% of their time at each telescope available for LPs. Gemini LPs are judged by a dedicated LP TAC, with representatives from the participating partners. Further information on LPs and the LP proposal process can be found at Large and Long Programs at Gemini Observatory
Who can apply? Applications for telescope time at NOAO facilities are welcome from all astronomers and students. Applications from astronomers and students who work at non-US institutions must indicate why the project cannot be done using other facilities that might be available to the investigators and why US national facilities are needed. Proposals from graduate students who are conducting observations as part of their Ph.D. thesis work will have their travel and on-site expenses paid for by NOAO. Please select "Graduate student, and THIS proposal is part of thesis" ONLY if the requested observations are essential for the Graduate Thesis. For all other cases, please simply select "Graduate Student" (e.g. if the student is in fact working toward a thesis, but this proposal is not essential to that effort). Thesis Advisors should be aware that a Thesis Student Information Form should be completed and submitted within two business days after the proposal deadline. This form is required for the student to be considered for NOAO travel support. Lacking the Advisor's submission by the deadline, the proposal will be considered as any other non-thesis proposal, and travel support will not be granted.
Criteria for the evaluation of telescope proposals to NOAO facilities will be based on scientific merit. The criteria for evaluating scientific merit of proposals for time on NOAO facilities are:
In addition, the value of the proposed research to the educational and career development of the investigators may be considered in exceptional circumstances.
For Survey Proposals, additional criteria related to the broader goals of survey programs are applied, including how the data could be used after the survey is complete and how much of an educational component may be involved.
For CTIO proposals, preference may be given to proposals which can only be carried out in the southern hemisphere.
NOAO is committed to maximizing the accessibility of astronomy to all qualified proposers. Many of the telescopes available through NOAO support remote observing, and we are happy to discuss ways in which this mode can be employed to address specific issues of accessibility. To enquire about remote observing and other forms of access, and to request specific accommodation, please contact any of the following individuals:
The 2017B Call for Proposals covers proposals for observing programs at all ground-based facilities on which NOAO manages open-access observing time. Observing proposals for all telescopes, other than Gemini, must be submitted using the NOAO Proposal Form, which is found at
The NOAO proposal can either be prepared and submitted completely online or a LaTeX template can be completed locally and submitted via a web upload.
Gemini Proposals Investigators who are applying for time on the Gemini telescopes must use Gemini Observatory's Phase I Tool (PIT) to prepare their observing proposals. The PIT is available from the Gemini Observatory at
The text sections of PIT proposals will need to be attached as a PDF document. Please use the US Latex or Word template provided at the PIT website to write your NOAO Gemini PIT proposal.
Classical observers using US time on the Gemini telescopes should be prepared to fund their own travel for their observing trips. NOAO encourages classical observing for the benefits that the on-site experience provides, and will attempt to fund, at least in part, the cost of travel for one Gemini classical observer per run. However, because of tight funding constraints, NOAO cannot guarantee such support. NOAO will continue to support graduate students traveling to Gemini for observations that are part of their PhD thesis work.
LBT Proposals Investigators who are applying for community time with the Large Binocular Telescope Observatory must use their version of the Phase I Tool (PIT) to prepare their observing proposals. The LBTO PIT is available from the LBT Observatory at
The text sections of LBTO PIT proposals will need to be attached as a PDF document. Please use the NOAO LBT Latex or Word template provided at our website to write your NOAO LBTO PIT proposal.
AAT Proposals The Australian Astronomical Observatory (AAO) and NOAO/CTIO are pleased to announce a time exchange arrangement, to allow our respective communities to maximize the scientific facilities and opportunities to which we have access. In 2017B, five classically-scheduled nights on the Anglo-Australian Telescope will be available to the NOAO community. All AAT facility instruments are available.
Proposals for this time should be submitted through the NOAO proposal form. The proposals will be reviewed by the NOAO TAC, and the successful proposals submitted to the AAO for scheduling. Note also that proposals for AAT time through the regular AAT open call, submitted by the AAO deadline of 15 March 2017 at 17:00 (AEDT) using the AAO form, are also encouraged by the AAO. These will be assessed only by the Australian Time Assignment Committee.
|Facility||Telescope||Approximate nights available for new 2017B programs||Additional Info|
|CTIO||4m Blanco Telescope||45||Large commitment (DES) in "B" semesters. "A" semesters largely unaffected.|
|KPNO||4m Mayall Telescope||78||2017B to be final semester of general access for PI programs|
|Gemini||8m Gemini North Telescope||52|
|8m Gemini South Telescope||59|
|8m Subaru Telescope (available through exchange)||3||
|SMARTS||1.3m, 0.9m||110hrs, 21N|
|SOAR||4.2m SOAR Telescope||39|
|WIYN||3.5m WIYN Telescope||56||NASA Exoplanet GO Proposals for the WIYN 3.5-m Telescope|
|LBT||Large Binocular Telescope, two 8.4m mirrors||7||Community Access to LBT|
|AAO||3.9m AAT at the Australian Astronomical Observatory (available through exchange)||5||Community Access to AAT|
|CHARA||6 X 1m Interferometer||15||Community Access to CHARA|
|LCO||Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, 1m and 2m||1220hrs, 220hrs||Earlier call, with proposals due 10 February, 2017|
NIFS: Near-IR IFU spectrograph
NIRI: Near-Infrared Imager
DSSI: Speckle Camera (visiting instrument)
GRACES: Gemini Remote Acceess to CFHT ESPaDOnS Spectrograph (visiting instrument)
Flamingos-2 (imaging and longslit modes only): Near-infrared Wide Field Imager and Multi-Object Spectrometer
GPI: Gemini Planet Imager
DSSI: Speckle Camera (visiting instrument)
Phoenix: Phoenix hi-res IR Spectrograph (visiting instrument)
IRCS+AO188: IRCS + Natural and Laser Guide Star AO
Classic: IR Imaging
Climb: IR Imaging
JouFLU: IR Imaging
MIRC: low-res IR Spectroscopy
PAVO: low-res Spectroscopy
VEGA: Optical Spectroscopy
DECam: Wide Field Optical Imager
TS4 ARCoIRIS: TripleSpec4 near-IR spectrograph
Goodman: Goodman Spectrograph
SOI: SOAR Opitical Imager
Spartan: Spartan IR Imager
SAM: SOAR Adaptive Module
HRCAM: High-Resolution Camera
SAMHR: SAM + HRCAM
AAOmega+2DF: Fiber-fed Optical Spectrograph
AAOmega+KOALA: 1000-element Optical IFU
AAOmega+SAMI: 13 IFU fiber bundles over a 1-degree field
HERMES + 2dF: High Efficiency and Resolution MultiElement Spectrograph
ANDI+CCDIR: Cass Direct + CCD/IR Queue-Service
CFIM+T2K: Cass Direct + SITe 2K CCD
HYDRB: Hydra + Bench Spectrograph + STA1 CCD, Blue camera
HYDRR: Hydra + Bench Spectrograph + STA1 CCD, Red camera
GRDPK: GradPak IFU
HEXPK: HexPak IFU
HDI: Half-Degree Imager
The following changes to instrumentation at all facilities available through NOAO are noted here to alert investigators preparing proposals.
Gemini North will be unavailable from August 1 through August 25 2017 for completion of the dome shutter repair.
Gemini South will be unavailable from October 3 through October 12 2017 for annual planned preventive maintenance.
Starting in 2017B the Gemini Phase I Tool (PIT) will automatically add the time for the baseline partner calibrations to the total time requested for each target in the proposal.
The Gemini North Laser Guide Star (Altair with LGS) system will not be available for regular programs in 2017B.
The GPI nonredundant mask (NRM) is available for use in shared risk in 2017B.
FLAMINGOS2 OIWFS is available for science observations requiring image quality within IQ 85%ile.
For FLAMINGOS2, two new medium K-band filters are available for science observations in 2017B, in shared risk mode, pending installation and characterization.
The DSSI Speckle camera visitor instrument will be available at Gemini North and at Gemini South in 2017B.
Phoenix will be available as a visitor instrument at Gemini South in 2017B.
POLISH2, a high-precision polarimeter, will be available as a visitor instrument at Gemini North in 2017B.
Opportunity Extended: Bring one, get one! In 2017B, Gemini Observatory will continue to subsidize, with up to US$2000, the travel expenses of individual underand graduate students visiting Gemini North or South, when accompanying a senior observer
We point out that in addition to the regular Gemini queue, the Gemini Observatory supports a monthly Fast Turnaround (FT) program that is managed by Gemini and offers up to 10% of the Gemini time. The FT program is especially suitable for small programs (time less than about 6-8 hours) that can be executed relatively quickly in the dedicated FT queue. These proposals are peer-reviewed by other proposers in the same month.
Gemini and Subaru are continuing their time-exchange program. A desired minimum of five classically-scheduled nights will be available to the Gemini community, providing there is sufficient demand from both sides of the exchange. Subaru will not be available from October to mid-December 2017 for recoating work on the primary mirror. Please see the Gemini call for proposals for more information. Proposers requesting Subaru time must use the Gemini Phase-I Tool (PIT).
AAT: Due to a time-exchange program between CTIO and the Australian Astronomical Observatory, five nights of classical observing time at the 3.9m Anglo-Australian Telescope will be available to the community during 2017B.
CHARA: Up to 15 nights of service observations with the CHARA Interferometer Array at Mt. Wilson will be available to the community during 2017B. Note that this call covers a six-month period, not a full year as in the past, so the time available is six times what it has been in recent years.
Instruments available: In 2017B, CTIO will be offering the Dark Energy Camera (DECam), the Cerro Tololo Ohio State Multi-Object Spectrograph (COSMOS), and the Astronomy Research with the Cornell InfraRed Imaging Spectrograph (ARCoIRIS).
Nights Available in 2017B: The Dark Energy Survey (DES) has been granted 100 nights, and the DECals survey an additional 15-20 nights during 2017B. Between them, these surveys will use all of the dark and grey time in the months of September through mid-December, along with the dark and grey second-half nights in August and first-half nights from mid December through January. As a result about 45 nights remain available to the community, but these are confined to: (a) first half nights in August of all lunar phases; (b) full nights within +/-3 nights of full moon in September October and November; and (c) second half nights of all lunar phases in December and January.
SOAR is on track to perform aluminization of its primary mirror during semester 2017B. This is a process that takes approximately 6 weeks and would nominally run from late October through early December. A final decision on readiness and on the precise dates will be made prior to completion of the 2017B schedule.
The SOAR web site is located at:
OSIRIS has been retired. For near IR spectroscopy, users should consider TS4 on Blanco, which offers similar capabilities with better performance. For near IR imaging consider SPARTAN on SOAR.
A second camera for the Goodman spectrograph is now available, which incorporates a deep-depletion e2v CCD with better red performance (but somewhat inferior UV performance). Please see the Goodman page at SOAR, or the SOAR home page, for further details. It is now considered the preferred configuration for anyone who does not worry about UV response. Users are restricted to one camera on a given night, but do not need to commit to a specific camera when writing the proposal. Observers should note that the Goodman red camera may be preferred to SOI for many imaging programs, especially those that rely on observations in the red/near-infrared, where the Goodman detector has much better fringing properties than SOI (or Goodman blue).
The restricted use speckle camera, HRCam, can be proposed for. If the AO-assisted mode is desired, please request SAMHR on the proposal form.
Both SIFS and STELES are undergoing commissioning at present so it is not possible to propose for either one. We do anticipate scheduling science verification time for both during 2017B (in addition to possible SV time in 2017A). We will announce any such time on the SOAR home page and by announcements to the community; interested parties can also contact SOAR staff or the instrument teams.
It is likely that another block of SAM Fabry-Perot time will be scheduled in campaign mode, although a final decision will probably not be made until May or early June. This would be handled in a similar way to the time in 2016B and 2017A.
Time on the small telescopes at CTIO will be available to NOAO users in 2017B via the usual proposal process. The telescopes are operated by the SMARTS consortium with up to 15% of time available to the NOAO community.
The 0.9m + CFCCD is available in user mode only. For more information on the 0.9m, please contact Dr. Todd Henry at email@example.com.
The 1.3m + ANDICAM (dual channel optical / IR imager) is available in queue / service mode only. The 1.3-m telescope is primarily used for monitoring projects, thus programs are scheduled in non-contiguous segments of an hour or less with a limit of three hours total within any given night.
Due to funding constraints, the 1.5m + CHIRON (fiber-fed cross-dispersed echelle) is not being operated in 2017B. We are looking for additional funding in order to return to full operations.
Non-sidereal tracking is no longer supported as service or queue observing. The only option for non-sidereal is user time on the 0.9m.
Further information can be found at http://www.astro.yale.edu/smarts/
Mayall: Time will be available for observing programs in 2017B from 1 August through 31 October , except the week of 21-27 August (inclusive) when the mountain will be closed for majo r electiral work. Preference will be given to existing programs that need additional time for completion. On 1 November, observing will cease as preparations for the insta llation of the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI) will take the telescope out of service.
In 2017B, the instruments offered at the Mayall will be KOSMOS and Mosaic-3. KOSMOS is a high-efficiency optical spectrograph with both single- and multi-slit modes. Mosaic-3 is a new incarnation of the NOAO Mosaic imager. It consists of four 4Kx4K, red-sensitive LBNL CCDs mounted in the Mosaic-2 dewar. Please see http://www.noao.edu/kpno/mosaic/mosa3.html for the latest information.
WIYN: As was the case in the 2017A, priority at the WIYN-3.5m will be given to qualifying proposals under the NN-EXPLORE program. More information on the NASA Guest Observer program can be found at http://ast.noao.edu/observing/wiyn-exoplanets-2017b.
Instruments offered at WIYN include the upgraded ODI, now with a 48'x40' focal plane. Other facility instruments on offer are HYDRA, the IFUs (SparsePak, HexPak, and GradPak), WHIRC (with or without WTTM), and the queue-operated speckle imager NESSI. Observers wishing to use Hexpak or Gradpak in 2017B should contact the PI (Mattew Bershady) at firstname.lastname@example.org before submitting a proposal to use these IFUs.
All WIYN proposers, please review the Proposal Information page (http://www.wiyn.org/Observe/wiynproposalinfo.html) to ensure all the required information is submitted on your proposal.
Remote Observing: KPNO offers remote observing for selected programs in 2017B. If you are interested in this opportunity, please see the requirements for observing remotely at http://www.noao.edu/kpno/remote.html . If you are requesting remote observing, please make a note of this in the "Scheduling constraints and non-usable dates" section that appears at the bottom of the first page of the NOAO proposal form and include any additional details in the "Technical Description" text of your observing run.
There are a variety of credit lines which are appropriate for citing the use of data from one or more of the NOAO facilities. Please acknowledge the proper observatories by using the appropriate credit line as discussed below.
NOAO generic press release
The National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO) consists of Kitt Peak National Observatory near Tucson, Arizona, Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory near La Serena, Chile, and the NOAO System Science Center. NOAO is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation.
Observers should also note their NOAO proposal ID and observing dates in their publications either in a footnote, or in the observations section or acknowledgments sections of their papers.
Visitors are asked to add a Kitt Peak byline on the title page, as a footnote to the author, that reads:
Visiting Astronomer, Kitt Peak National Observatory, National Optical Astronomy Observatory, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation.
NOAO staff members are asked to add a footnote after their names on the title page that reads: Kitt Peak National Observatory, National Optical Astronomy Observatory, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation.
In addition to the Kitt Peak credit line, Case Western Reserve University has requested that a special acknowledgement be included on papers resulting from observations obtained with the Burrell Schmidt telescope:
Observations made with the Burrell Schmidt of the Warner and Swasey Observatory, Case Western Reserve University.
In addition to the Kitt Peak Credit line, the WIYN Observatory Corporation has requested that the following acknowledgement be included in any paper using WIYN data. The acknowledgement should be included as a footnote on the title page. The WIYN Board also encourages the mention of WIYN in the title or abstract of the paper:
The WIYN Observatory is a joint facility of the University of Wisconsin-Madison, Indiana University, Yale University, and the National Optical Astronomy Observatory.
For publications resulting from NN-EXPLORE telescope time, please include this text: "Data presented herein were obtained at the WIYN Observatory from telescope time allocated to NN-EXPLORE through the scientific partnership of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Science Foundation, and the National Optical Astronomy Observatory."
It is expected that visiting observers making use of CTIO facilities will utilize the observations they obtain for the preparation of a publication describing their research activity. Publications by visiting observers should carry the following credit lines:
Visiting astronomer, Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, National Optical Astronomy Observatory, which are operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, under contract with the National Science Foundation.
Visiting observers who use CTIO facilities for only a small part of a larger program should include suitable acknowledgement to the Observatory in their publication or dissertation.
To properly acknowledge the use of data obtained with the SOAR telescope in publications, whether partially or entirely based on SOAR data, please include an asterisk by the paper title referring to a footnote stating:
"Based on observations obtained at the Southern Astrophysical Research (SOAR) telescope, which is a joint project of the Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia, e Inovação (MCTI) da República Federativa do Brasil, the U.S. National Optical Astronomy Observatory (NOAO), the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC), and Michigan State University (MSU)."
Papers containing data from the Gemini telescopes (e.g., an ApJ paper) should include the following general acknowledgment as a footnote on the first page or in the last section before the references:
Based on observations obtained at the Gemini Observatory, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the NSF on behalf of the Gemini partnership: the National Science Foundation (United States), the National Research Council (Canada), CONICYT (Chile), the Australian Research Council (Australia), Ministério da Ciência e Tecnologia (Brazil) and Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación Productiva (Argentina).
If appropriate, please also acknowledge the provision of visiting instrument(s) as described in the relevant "documents" web pages for that instrument.
Authors are also asked to give the identification number ("Program ID") of the program(s) under which their data were obtained, e.g. GN-2004A-Q-10, or GS-2003B-C- 1, or GN-2002B-SV-78 or GS-2005A-DD-96. We recommend that this reference to the Program ID be made in the acknowledgement section at the end of the paper or in the Observations section of the paper.
Please acknowledge NSF-TSIP support by including the following in all publications relating to TSIP observing time (preferably as a footnote on the title page): “[Keck, MMT, or Magellan] telescope time was granted by NOAO, through the Telescope System Instrumentation Program (TSIP). TSIP is funded by NSF.” Observers should also note their NOAO proposal ID and observing dates in their publications either in the same footnote, or in the observations section or acknowledgments sections of their papers.
In addition for Keck time, please include the standard Keck acknowledgements at http://www2.keck.hawaii.edu/observing/keck_authors.html
Any publication that results from NOAO-allocated time on the 200-inch Hale telescope should acknowledge the NSF/NOAO ReSTAR program, in addition to a Hale/Palomar acknowledgment. The requested wording for ReSTAR acknowledgements is:
"This material is based upon work supported by AURA through the National Science Foundation under AURA Cooperative Agreement AST 0132798 as amended."
Last updated or reviewed March 17, 2017.